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Hormonal Contraceptives Research
 Young Woman Contemplating


  • The World Health Organization (WHO) has shown sufficient evidence in humans, of Estrogen - Progestogen  hormones, used in contraceptives, as carcinogenic agents for Breast, Liver and Uterine cancers.

  • Common Side Effects: depression, migraines, fatigue, insomnia, weight gain, decreased libido, mood swings


by Walter L. Larimore, MD; Joseph B. Stanford, MD, MSPH

February, 2000

by Carmen Heredia Rodriguez

September 28, 2016

 by  A. Patrick Schneider, II, Christine M. Zainer, Christopher Kevin Kubat, Nancy K. Mullen, and Amberly K. Windisch

August, 2014

by Holly Grigg-Spall

May 20, 2013

by Gerard Migeon

September 21, 2014

by Gabriella Patti

September 9, 2019

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